HP Integrity rx2600 Series - How to Set Up a Console for OpenVMS
Depending on the configuration and/or user needs, here is a step-by-step guide on how to setup a console in OpenVMS.
This section provides a step-by-step guide on how to setup a serial console on the rx2600/20 Integrity server via a system serial port or an MP serial port (if present).
NOTE: Setting up a Graphics console via VGA port is not supported at this time in OpenVMS.
The information in this section is excerpted from the HP OpenVMS Version 8.3 Upgrade and Installation Manual
, which is available online.
Click here to go to section "Selecting Your OpenVMS Console for the Integrity Server System" of the "HP OpenVMS Version 8.3 Upgrade and Installation Manual" (http://h71000.www7.hp.com/DOC/83final/ba322_90045/apbs02.html)
If the link provided previously is no longer functional, you can find the document by doing the following:
"For a console terminal, you need a laptop, PC, or similar device that has terminal emulation software. OpenVMS supports serial console devices only. OpenVMS does not support using a VGA graphics display as a console device. To connect your console terminal to your Integrity server, you need a standard PC-to-PC file transfer cable (also known as a 9-pin null-modem serial cable). The serial port on the server system is typically set to 9600 baud, 8-bit, no parity, and stop bit 1 (check your hardware documentation: the settings can vary, depending on the port and access method). Set up your terminal emulation software accordingly, and specify VT100 mode.
NOTE: For connections that require the three-connector cable (M-cable) included with your server, make sure that you connect your PC-to-PC cable to the connection port labeled "Console" on the three-connector cable. All three connection ports on that cable are DB9 9-pin connectors, but only the port labeled "Console" will work. The other two connection ports are for remote (modem) and UPS connections only.
OpenVMS requires that you select the correct console device from an EFI firmware selection menu. The console cable must be connected to the port for the device selected. If you are already using the system console, you can skip this section. If you have ordered a machine with OpenVMS preinstalled, your console selections have been chosen for you, but you might want to change these default console selections. If you have changed your system configuration, or if you are installing OpenVMS on a new (uninstalled) Integrity server, or if you are reinstalling OpenVMS using the INITIALIZE option (removing all the software and data files that were previously installed on the target system disk), you might need to select the correct console. If the correct console is not selected, OpenVMS might use an unexpected device as the console, causing your system to appear to be hanging; or OpenVMS either will fail to boot or will boot with output sent to the wrong location.
If MP (Management Processor) is present on your system, HP recommends using MP for your system console. With some servers, the MP console is preselected for your Integrity server. You still might need to select the correct console device to use the MP serial port for the console because the Integrity server might not initially know where to perform console I/O operations. If you intend to set up LAN or remote access for an MP console interface, you must initially use the serial port for console operations when you set up the Integrity server for the first time. (See your hardware documentation for instructions on setting LAN or remote access for the MP console interface.)
To set up the correct console, follow these steps:
NOTE: The process for selecting the correct console might vary for each Integrity server model and for each version of the EFI firmware.
Decide what console you want to use.
Depending on your system configuration, OpenVMS can use one of the following types of consoles:
Power on the system. If using an MP serial port, log in to MP and access EFI.
If you are setting the system serial port as your system console, skip to the next step. If you are setting the MP serial port as your system console, and you have just powered on your Integrity server, the MP console interface prompts you to log in. (By default, both user name and password are set to Admin. For security purposes, you should change the password immediately. See your hardware documentation for more information.)
To see the MP login user name and password prompts, you might need to press Enter
one or more times on your console keyboard. If this does not work, then try pressing Ctrl/B
If you see only the MP password prompt, press the Enter
key to get to the MP login prompt.
If the login prompt still fails to appear, the system might be powered off. (When you powered on the system, you might have pressed the power button twice, which turns it on and then off.)
If you see a message similar to the following, another user has the console (only one user can write to the console although multiple users can view it).
[Read only - use Ctrl-Ecf for console write access]
To gain control of the console from the other user, press Ctrl/E
, release the key combination, and then immediately type the letters cf
. Alternatively, you can have the other user log off.
Note that the system will not work if it has MP firmware older than version E02.22. For information about updating the MP firmware, see "Firmware on Integrity Server Systems".
When the MP> prompt is displayed, move to the EFI interface by using the co
(console mode) command.
On Integrity servers without nPartitions, the co
command brings you directly to the EFI Boot Manager screen; if you do not enter a command before the EFI countdown timer expires (10 seconds by default), the EFI Shell> prompt is displayed. (When the operating system is running, the co
command brings you to the console port of the operating system.)
On cell-based servers, unless you are using a single-partition user account, the co
command first brings you to a console menu that lists the available nPartitions. Select the appropriate nPartition to access the EFI Boot Manager console for that nPartition. The following example shows a console menu (menus and displays such as this may vary from system to system):
# Name --- ----
Please select partition number:
If the co
command results in a screen that is unexpected or difficult to interpret, pressing Enter
might help. If you are at an EFI submenu instead of the main menu, navigate to the main menu by exiting from the submenu and any subsequent submenus until you return to the EFI main menu.
For more information about determining which nPartition to access, see the HP System Partitions Guide, Administration for nPartitions
or the appropriate hardware documentation
Access the initial EFI boot menu.
When you power on the Integrity server or move to console mode from MP, the EFI Boot Manager begins loading. Several messages should indicate so. If you are using the MP serial port and you do not see any messages, the system might be powered off (MP is "alive" even when the system is powered off, as long as the power cord is connected). Make sure you power on the system. Wait until you see the EFI Boot Manager screen with the boot menu. The default menu option is highlighted, as shown in the following example of a boot menu.
NOTE: The appearance of EFI Boot Manager screens and menus differ from version to version of the firmware. This boot menu example is what might be seen with the latest version of the EFI firmware.
Access the EFI Boot Configuration menu.
From the initial EFI boot menu, select the Boot Configuration option (or, in some versions of EFI, the Boot Option Maintenance Menu). To move to an option, use the up or down arrow key. (With some terminal emulators, you might have to use the letter v to scroll down or the caret (^) to scroll up.) Press Enter
to toggle the selection. If you do not select an option within the default 10-second countdown, EFI moves to the default option—the EFI Shell in the example given in step 3, in which case the EFI Shell> prompt is displayed. Exit the EFI Shell to return to the Boot Configuration menu. If lines from the preceding screen linger to obscure the EFI Shell prompt, press Enter
to bring the EFI Shell prompt into view.
Configure the Console Input, Console Output, and Console Error Devices.
If you have the latest EFI firmware, select the Console Configuration option from the Boot Configuration menu to list the console input, console output, and console error device options. Some versions of EFI list the three console device options directly in the Boot Option Maintenance Menu. Configure each of the console options one at a time, as follows:
For OpenVMS, the input, output, and error console all must point to the same serial-line console device. New systems might be shipped with multiple devices selected for each of the console types, so you must make sure only one device is selected for each. If you see an error message mentioning multiple device path instances for the console input or output device, perform the steps outlined in this procedure to select a single console only.
OpenVMS does not support booting using a USB keyboard or a VGA graphics display device. The system might boot with these devices but you does not display any visible indication that the system is booting. You might receive a warning when the system begins to boot. You might also see other errors in later stages of the boot. Additionally, you might lose output that you normally see during booting.
Select the Console Input Device.
EFI displays a list of devices available for console input. Select only one device from this list, and deselect any unused devices. The following is a sample list of devices, annotated with explanatory text below the list. (This example shows the devices for an entry-class Integrity server; the procedure and display differ on cell-based servers.)
System Serial Port
These four lines indicate any of the valid devices that you can define for the console using the system serial port. Any line that has the letters Uart but not the letters Pci is one of the system serial ports. Notice the lines are almost identical except for the text following the VenMsg portion, which indicates the terminal emulation protocol. Thus, each of the four entries is the same device with different emulation protocols.
These four lines (the HWP lines) appear only on systems that have an MP port. Any lines that include both Uart and Pci are MP serial port devices. As with the serial port devices, these four lines are the same device with different emulation protocols.
This is the graphic console device. Do not select this. OpenVMS does not support VGA graphics as a console output device for booting.
Select a device using the protocol appropriate for your terminal emulator (in most cases, VT100+ is the best choice). Remember that you should select only one device line. OpenVMS does not operate if more than one device is selected.
Save your settings to NVRAM.
Select the Console Output Device.
Repeat steps a and b to configure the console output device. Select the same device selected for the console input device.
Select the Console Error Device.
Repeat steps a and b to configure the console error device (also referred to as the standard error device). Select the same device selected for the console input and output devices.
Perform a Cold Reset if required.
Your system might require a cold reset. Newer versions of EFI do not require a cold reset. See your hardware documentation for more information.
At this point, you can boot the OpenVMS I64 DVD to install the operating system onto a system disk. Follow the instructions in Chapter 3 "Installing the OpenVMS Operating System" (specifics for booting are provided in this appendix).
NOTE: Any time new potential console devices are added to a system, or anytime NVRAM on a system is cleared, review your console selections. When you change serial devices, you must also make changes to the input, output, and error console device options to ensure proper operation.